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Support Materials for the Learning Resource
“Human Rights in the Asia Pacific 1931-1945:
Social Responsibility and Global Citizenship”

Developed by the Ministry of Education of British Columbia
in partnership with
B.C. Association for Learning & Preserving the History of WW II in Asia (ALPHA)

B.C. ALPHA is pleased to share with you our excitement that the British Columbia Ministry of Education has recently published a special learning resource, "Human Rights in the Asia Pacific 1931-1945: Social Responsibility and Global Citizenship".  

This teachers’ guide is to support the high school curriculums of History, Social Studies and Law in British Columbia, Canada.  It addresses issues related to the atrocities that occurred during the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945), including the redress movement for victims and survivors such as the former so-called "comfort women" of the Japanese Imperial Army.  Our Organization is honoured to be a partner of this meaningful project, working together with teachers of the B.C. Teachers’ Federation and historians.

The approval for publication of revisionist history textbooks by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology in 2001 has caused great concern worldwide, especially among the Asian neighbours of Japan.   The publication of “Human Rights in the Asia Pacific 1931-1945: Social Responsibility and Global Citizenship" is indeed timely.   We believe this endeavour by educators in Canada contributes to humanity, justice and world peace.

 

April 11, 2001
British Columbia Ministry of Education Announcement
NEW GUIDE TEACHES ABOUT WAR IN ASIA PACIFIC


VANCOUVER - A teachers' guide for educating students about conflicts in the Asia Pacific region during the Second World War has been developed by the Ministry of Education in concert with the Asian community, Education Minister Joy MacPhail announced today.

"Our teachers were doing a good job of educating students about the history of the Second World War, but the focus was on Europe," MacPhail said. "It's important for our students to learn about the Asia Pacific region as well."

Human Rights in the Asia Pacific 1931-1945: Social Responsibility and
Global Citizenship
was developed by the ministry in collaboration with B.C. teachers, academics, organizations and individuals. Most Canadian textbooks about the Second World War focus on Europe, and this guide deals with conflicts that took place in Asia.

The guide, which is intended for grades 11 and 12, includes documents and information that will allow students to investigate issues related to war crimes and crimes against humanity.

"If we're to break the cycle of violence, we must be aware of our own capacity for evil, learn how to uphold and promote human rights and peace, and prevent the suffering of others," said Dr. Robert Fowler, former dean of the faculty of education at the University of Victoria and a member of the team that reviewed the resource.

Contributors to the resource include the B.C. Association for Learning and Preserving the History of WWII in Asia (B.C. ALPHA), the Greater Vancouver Japanese Canadian Citizens' Association human rights committee, and Canadian veterans and prisoners of war.

The guide will be distributed to teachers next month.


This is a resource guide to support aspects of senior Social Studies including History 12, Law 12, and Social Studies 11. It provides documents and information about events that took place prior to and during WWII in the Asia Pacific Area. The documents and information are intended to allow students to investigate issues related to war crimes and crimes against humanity. French version is also available.

This resource is available for purchase online from the Government Publication Services.
You can go to: http://www.publications.gov.bc.ca/
Then click on icon "General Public Go Shopping"
Then type "Human Rights in the Asia Pacific" and click on "Search"
Then click on the resource title
Then click on "Add to shopping cart"
And then follow the instructions for purchasing.

B.C. ALPHA offers the following support to teachers:-

• Help arrange speaker, survivor and eyewitness for school

• Reference and video materials available on loan to teachers

• Maintain a website supporting this learning resource

• Traveling exhibits on “Comfort Women”, Unit 731 - Biological and Chemical Warfare Unit, and Nanking Massacre available for rental

Contact Phone: (604) 439-7738 or Email: bcalpha@alpha-canada.org


Reference List

References books and videos for Human Rights in the Asia-Pacific 1931 - 1945: Social Responsibility and Global Citizenship

 

International Agreements Related to Compensation Claims & Rules of War

Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field. Geneva, 22 August 1864

Hague Convention 1899: Laws and Customs of War on Land (Hague II)

Hague Convention IV: Convention Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, October 18, 1907

Geneva Convention July 27,1929: Convention Between the United States of America and Other Powers, Relating to Prisoners of War

Charter of the International Military Tribunal, August 8, 1945

Charter of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East

Charter of the United Nations, June 26, 1945

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, December 9,1948

Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948

Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, August 12, 1949

 Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, August 12, 1949

Principles of International Law Recognized in the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal and in the Judgment of the Tribunal, 1950

Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity, 26 November,1968

Rome Statue of the International Criminal Court, July 17, 1998

 

Related to San Francisco Peace Treaty 

San Francisco Peace Treaty

San Francisco Peace Treaty: Has Justice Been Served and Peace Secured?

A Just Peace? The 1951 San Francisco Peace Treaty in Historical Perspective by Professor John Price

 

Related to Position of Japanese Government and Yasukuni Shrine

No War Resolution

Statement by Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama on August 15, 1995

Asian Women's Fund

Yasukuni Shrine

 

Related to What Victims and Survivors Want

Demands made by Advocacy Groups of the Redress Movement

Dower, John W. "Japan Addresses its War Responsibility" from The Journal of the International Institute, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Fall, 1995)

"Assembly Joint Resolution 27 - Has Justice Been Served ?" speech of Michael M. Honda at the Whittier College of Law Symposium on Nov. 21, 1999

California State Assembly Joint Resolution No. 27

 

Related to "Comfort Women" 

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, its Causes and Consequences & the Report on the Mission to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea and Japan on the Issue of Military Sexual Slavery in Wartime. (E/CN.4/1996/53/Add.1). 1996. Radhika Coomaraswamy. Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women. United Nations Commission on Human Rights

An Analysis Of The Legal Liability Of The Government Of Japan For "Comfort Women Stations" Established During The Second World War. (E/CN.4/Sub.2/1998/13). 1998. McDougall, Gay J. Special Rapporteur on Systematic Rape, Sexual Slavery and Slavery-like Practices During Armed Conflict. United Nations Human Rights Commission

Interview of Kim Young-shil

Letter dated 11 August 1997 from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the United Nations Office on Crimes Committed by Japan against Humanity

On the Japanese Government's plan to Collect Money. Nelia Sancho, Chairperson, LILA-PILIPINA (Task Force on Filipino Comfort Women)

Submission of the Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Sexual Slavery by Japan to the Public Prosecutor of the Tokyo District in Japan on the War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity committed against and the so-called "Military Comfort Women"

The Military Sexual Slavery Issue And Asian Peace. Hee Soon Kwon (The Korean Council for the Women Drafted for the Military Sexual Slavery by Japan)

Why oppose Sympathy Money? Kim Kyung Hee (The Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan)

Women's International War Crimes Tribunal 2000 for the Trial of Japanese Military Sexual Slavery

Court rejects women's appeal

 

Related to Education in Japan

Collective Amnesia: Japan's Crusade to Forget

Children and Textbook Japan Network 21

The Wages of Guilt, 1994 by Ian Buruma "Memorials, Museums, and Monuments"  pp 221 -224

 

Related to Prosecution of Perpetrators

Women's International War Crimes Tribunal 2000 for the Trial of Japanese Military Sexual Slavery 

 

Related to Compensation & lawsuits

"LEGAL BASIS OF THE CLAIM" by The Association of British Civilian Internees Far East Region